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The modern world runs on power. From our phones to our television sets, and from our refrigerators to our gas stoves, everything uses some or the other source of energy to work. These sources are manifold, but most of them are non-renewable; once they are used, they cannot be used again. These fuels take millions of years to regenerate and get replenished, and to the irony, only minutes to be turned into smoke and ash.

Coal, the world’s biggest source of power since thousands of years, is used still to generate electricity, in spite of being non-renewable fuel. Petroleum products and natural gas power most of our vehicles. All these fuels are unfortunately an indispensable part of life.

All the development in the world took place because of some minerals, after which time periods have been named. Although there isn’t a “Coal Age” or a “Petroleum Age”, but their significance in history is undeniable. They have a great control over economy, the best example being Arab countries that have huge deposits of petroleum. As these fuels are non-renewable, what will we do if all their reserves deplete, when not even a single drop of petrol or even a tiny crumble of coal will dwell the Earth? To speak of the very domestic level, we will not receive any electricity supply, or we will not be able to even cook food, let alone run the industrial or agricultural sector. This is the reason why conserving fuels is crucial for today’s generation. We are facing an energy crisis; the non-renewable sources of energy are almost on the “verge of extinction”.

Among thousands of ways to conserve fuels, the simplest lie in the hands of the common man. Every ordinary person can play a part towards the conservation of fuels by doing undemanding acts in their daily life. Up to 30% of cooking gas or kerosene can be possibly saved by being mindful of our cooking practices. Certain cooking habits can cause a substantial waste of fuel. We can spread awareness, even in just our own house, by telling the cook that they can avoid an idle flame if they prepare and keep all materials required for cooking within reach, before lighting the stove. Ask them to use optimum quantity of water, and lower the flame when it starts boiling. If they don’t practice pressure cooking, request them to do so. Not only does it save fuel, but also time. Soaking food before cooking, putting on the lid, using shallow, wide vessels, and using a small and clean burner are some of the ways we can conserve fuel.

We can also play a part by asking the driver of our vehicles to reduce their transportation fuel consumption by following some measures. Good driving habits can save a lot of fuel. Ask the driver to drive at a speed between 45-55 Km/H, to keep their foot off the clutch, and to drive in the correct gear. Servicing the engine after every 5,000 Km the car travels and keeping a watch on the tyre pressure are very important. Keep the engine off when waiting for someone, or the green signal. The best we can do is subject ourselves to use public transportation, perform car-pooling with our colleagues, and plan our route. It is said: “Little drops of water, little grains of sand, Make the mighty ocean, and the blessed lands.” One may think that the efforts of a single family will do nothing, but think about when every single family does its part, then how the world will be.

Fuels play a significant role in our daily life and in development, but they have their ill effects too. Greenhouse gases released by the burning of fossil fuels are the cause of global warming. The health of humans too, is adversely affected by these fuels. While we need to conserve the non-renewable fuels, we also need to search for alternatives and ways for sustainable development. If we will not pay attention to this crisis now, there will come a time when we will not be able to check our email or cook something, because we don’t have any fuel.

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